Running, as a sport, can involve a number of
different forms, including the following:
Cross-country. A sport in which
teams of runners compete on long-distance road running courses.
Track and field. A sport that
includes track events, like sprints, distance running, hurdles, and
relays, and field events that involve throwing and jumping.
Marathon. A long-distance
(about 26 miles) road running event.
Triathlon. A 3-part event that
includes swimming, cycling, and running. Distances vary depending on the
age of the athletes.
Running injuries are common and there can be a
variety of causes. Running injuries can be caused by improper training (for
example, doing too much too fast), mechanical problems (for example, high arch
or flat foot), or previous injuries. Other causes may be the environment (for
example, uneven or hilly terrain; hot or cold weather conditions) or previous
injuries. While not all injures can be prevented, the risk of injuries can be
The following is information from the American
Academy of Pediatrics about how to prevent running injuries. Also included is a
list of common running injuries.
Sports physical exam.
Athletes should have a preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) to
make sure they are ready to safely begin the sport. The best time for a
PPE is about 4 to 6 weeks before the beginning of the season. Athletes
also should see their doctors for routine well-child checkups.
Fitness. Athletes should
maintain a good fitness level during the season and off-season.
Preseason training should allow time for general conditioning and sport-
specific conditioning. Also important are proper warm- up and cool-down
Technique. Athletes should
learn and practice safe techniques for performing the skills that are
integral to their sport. Athletes should work with coaches and athletic
trainers on achieving proper technique.
Nutrition. Eating healthy
and the right amount of calories is important. A good rule to follow is
to eat an extra 100 calories for every mile run.
|Heat or cold injuries||
Sweat rate=Pre-workout weight – Post 1-hour
|Menstrual irregularities in female athletes||
To determine your foot type, wet the bottom of
your foot and step on a piece of cardboard. Match the imprint with the choices
in the table below.
|No shock absorption||Cushioned|