Many Americans gamble for fun. However, for young people, gambling may become a serious addiction. The chances of a young gambler getting “hooked” are far greater than those of an adult.
Consider the following facts from the National Council on Problem Gambling:
About 80% of adults (aged 18 and older) and 70% of children (aged 10 to 17) in the United States have gambled at least once in the past year.
Gambling is a problem for about 3% of adults and 6% of children.
Gambling should not be seen as a “safe thrill.” Parents need to be aware of the danger gambling poses to young people and the warning signs of problem gambling.
When gambling moves beyond fun and games and starts becoming the focus of a person’s life, it is considered compulsive gambling. There are 3 phases of compulsive gambling.
Gambling is fun and exciting.
Winning makes the gambler feel like a “big shot.”
Losses are thought of as “bad luck.”
All the gambler thinks about is gambling.
The gambler thinks gambling is the most exciting thing in life.
Free time, lunch breaks, or recess are often spent gambling.
The gambler starts to lose, often borrowing money to cover losses.
The gambler may lie to friends and family about gambling.
The gambler may begin to sell possessions to cover bets.
The gambler begins to miss school, work, or other important events to gamble.
The gambler becomes obsessed with gambling.
Severe mood swings, lying, cheating, and stealing may occur.
School failure is common.
Nothing or nobody comes before a bet.
Suicide may be attempted as a way out.
Today, many communities rely on gambling casinos as a major source of income. Teens in these communities may be at greater risk for developing problems with gambling than other teens. However, teen gambling can be found anywhere—in cities and small towns, among the rich and poor.
It is not easy to spot teen gamblers. They look no different than their friends. They often are very outgoing and social. In addition, teen gamblers tend to be
Highly motivated, energetic
Competitive, risk takers
Good students, hard working
Teens who develop problems with gambling may have other issues, such as difficulties with their family or friends, problems with other addictions like alcohol or drugs, or engaging in other high-risk behaviors.
Any game of chance or skill that is played for money is gambling. Most forms of gambling are illegal for anyone younger than 18 years. However, teens find their own ways to gamble, including
Playing cards or dice games for money
Playing games of skill for money (for example, pool, basketball)
Buying lottery tickets and scratch cards
Playing casino- and arcade-type games (like pull tabs and slot machines)
Placing bets on sports events
Gambling on the Internet
Gambling is promoted as fun and exciting—an easy way to “strike it rich.” Many young people hope that if they can win big money, all their problems will be solved. As legalized gambling spreads to almost every community, it is easy for young people to get caught up in the promises of wealth and power. Adults do, too. In the United States, 80% of adults participate in some form of gambling. Teens who gamble may be copying their parents’ behavior.
Look for the following warning signs:
Finding gambling “stuff” like lottery tickets, betting sheets, and casino chips
Excessive TV sports watching and an overly intensive interest in the outcome of sports events
Visits to a casino, despite being underage
Excessive “checking in” or spending time on the Internet
Flaunting large amounts of money or buying expensive items
Absences from school or work
Anxiety and nervousness
Stealing for gambling money
For a checklist of questions to share with your teen, see “Are you hooked?”
If your teen (or you) can answer “yes” to many of the following questions, it may be time to get help. Share these questions with your teen and talk about the answers together.
1. Do you think gambling is the most exciting activity you do?
2. Do you often spend your free time involved in gambling activities?
3. Do you try to prevent your family and friends from knowing how much you gamble?
4. Do your friends gamble? Are you considered to be part of the “gambling crowd”?
5. Do you often daydream about gambling?
6. Do you often gamble during lunch breaks or recess, after school hours, or on weekends?
7. Do you miss school or other important events because of gambling activities?
8. Do you ever lie about whether you gamble or how much you lose?
9. Is gambling the main source of what you do to feel good about yourself?
10. Do you gamble alone?
11. Do you gamble with money that is supposed to be used for other reasons (such as lunch money, bus fare, or clothes)?
12. Have you ever borrowed money to gamble?
13. Have you ever stolen money or property to gamble or pay gambling debts?
14. Do you get upset or irritable if you are unable to gamble?
15. Do you most want to gamble when you are upset?
16. Do you often feel sad or guilty because you lost money gambling?
17. Is it hard for you to stop gambling after you lose money?
18. Do you often gamble longer than you wanted to and lose more money than you intended?
19. When gambling, do you tend to lose track of time or forget about everything else?
20. Do you find that thinking about gambling makes it hard for you to do schoolwork?
Excerpted with permission from the North American Training Institute.
You are the best role model for your children. Take a close look at your own attitudes and habits. Do you spend your last dollar on lottery tickets? Do you make frequent visits to the casino with hopes of striking it rich? While gambling may be okay for you, you may be sending a message to your teen that gambling is a safe and healthy activity.
Talk with your children about gambling. Remind them that gambling is illegal for teens. Be clear about how you feel about gambling, and let them know what you expect of them. Help your children develop ways to resist gambling and develop interests in other activities. Don’t take your children with you to the casino even if child care is offered.
Identifying a gambling problem early is the key to successful treatment. If you feel your teen may have a problem, there are people in your community who can help, including pediatricians, counselors, teachers, and elders or clergy.
Compulsive gambling is like other addictions. Outside help may be the only way a person can stop. Talk with your pediatrician for information about treatment options, like individual counseling or family therapy, that can give compulsive gamblers the strength they need to quit.
Gam-Anon International Service Office, Inc.
Gamblers Anonymous International Service Office
The National Council on Problem Gambling, Inc National Helpline
North American Training Institute
Please note: Inclusion on this list does not imply an endorsement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The AAP is not responsible for the content of the resources mentioned above. Phone numbers and Web site addresses are as current as possible, but may change at any time.
The information contained in this publication should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.